Carmine, also known as cochineal, crimson lake, or carmine lake, is a bright red pigment from the aluminum salt of carminic acid. It is derived from the dried bodies of the female cochineal insects native to South and Central America, however there are no insect parts actually in the Carmine.
Carmine is a very popular colourant used not only in cosmetics but also in food and textiles. It is not recommended for use in soap as the colour will fade. It is also heat sensitive and should not be heated over 120C.